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TABLE  XLIX
Characters of Waxes

i     Melting     1 Solidifying          refractometer               Acid Nature of Wax.                                     Specific Gravitv.       I       Point      ;      Point.                    Readin^           '     Number '   '         '•        °C.        .        °C.                                ='          !          A
 •   f                    j              ;                  t°
								|    Saponifi-cation Number.
	Unsaponi-iister         Ratio Value        Iodine              fiable dumber               E               Number.       Substances.
 E                    T                                              °/ A                                                     /o
			
ANIMAL WAXES                                                        ;                                                                      :                   I
												

Crude ordinary beeswax .....       15       0-941-0-976 ; 60-5-66-5        60-61         40      4^2-45'^ : i6'7-23'6 '    88-106       65'o-85'o      2'8-4'5       5'7~i7'i
												48-53

(Apis mellifera)                                                           (0-964)      !       (63)                                               (44)              (20)
								(95)               (75)              (3'7)      !       (10)               —
				
Do., bleached in the sun .    .     .     .15       0-964-0-973 ;     63-64          61-62         40            44        '<     19-23
								90-98        71-76    ;     s'7            —
				—

(0-966)                                                                                        (20)
								(95)               (75)       !
				

:  loo       0-818-0-827 i                                                        ;                     ;                     i
									1                           |
			
Do., bleached chemically ....       —              —         '     63—64     ;     61—62         - —            —        !   16-8—24    •    93— 108
									71-84               3-4                I-II
			— .

Do., pressed      ....... ,    —              —          i        —                —
					---                 ---                    21-22       j           8l                    59-6O                     3                         ---
							—

Do., extracted (with solvents)    .     - i    15    ; 0-949-0-984       59-72             —
					---                 ---                    15-28       j      64-102              49-78              2*4-3-4                 ---
							__

Indian beeswax (Ghedda wax), crude   . j    15    \       0-966       j     60-69     i        —
					40      44-46   i   5-13    i 75-145
				70-124     j       7—18       j       3—12
			— .

(Apis dorsata, A. ftorea, A, itidica)        i             ;                            '(63—64)    ]
					(7-8)             (100)
				(93)
	(13)                 (8-q)
		

Insect wax (Chinese wax)      .     .     .     .115       0-926—0-970 j      81—83     \     80— 81
					40             46        I         o
			63-93
	63-93
	63
	1—2
	49-50

(Coccus ceriferus, Fabr.)                           i             '      (0*070)                            1
					(63)"
				(63)
	
	
	


	IOO      !           O-OIO                                        i
				
			
	
	
	
	

Wool fat crude     .......
	15    ^        0*973
		39—42      '•         —
		—             —              10 — 50
			77 — 14.6
	
	___
	__ __ _ j-
	-„

Do., purified (Anhydrous lanoline)
	15             0*978
		36-42            38-4°
		—             —                o-i
			98-127
	—
	—
	IO—29
	__


	100    | 0*901—0-902
		
	
	
	
	
	(100)
	
	
	
	

Spermaceti       ........
	15
	0-940-0-960
	44-55
	43-48
	—
	—
	o-5
	108-135
	—
	— •
	5-9
	50-54


	IOO
	0-808—0-842
	
	
	
		
	
	
	
	
	

Spermaceti oil ........
	15
	0-875-0-890
	—
	—
	25              54
		—
	117-150
	—
	- —
	62—90
	37-42


	IOO
	0-833
	
	
	
		
	(132 )
	
	
	(80-82 )
	

Bottlenose oil (Arctic sperm oil) .
	15
	0-876-0-905
	• — •                  —
		—
	• —
	—
	121—136
	—
	. — •
	67-85
	37-42

(Hyperoodon rostratus)
	IOO
	0-827
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	

VEGETABLE WAXES
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	

Candelilla wax       .......
	J -
	0-950 — 0*993
	67 — 92
	f-.  ^_
	
	
	IO — 21
	A -*7 __ f)C
	O A __ <Q
	
	0
	Tf*   •'7'y

(Euphorbia antisyphilitica)
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	4/   UJ
	34   Do
	
	
	5-77

Carnauba wax ........
	15
	0-990-1-000
	83-86
	80
	40
	65-69
	4-8
	79-95
	75-80
	18-19
	7-13
	___

(Coripha cerifera L.)
	
	(0-995)
	(85)
	
	
	
	(4-5)
	(79-80)
	(75-76)
	
	(10)
	


	IOO
	0-842
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	

Ocuba wax (from the fruit of Myristica
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	

okttba)     ......
	15
	0-920
	40
	—
	—
	—
	—
	—
	—
	—
	—
	___

Palm wax (Ceroxylon andicola)   .
	15
	0*992-0*995
	102—105
	—
	—
	—
	—
	__
	__
	___
	__
	___

Pisang wax (M usa spec, )
	15
	0*965-0*970
	79-8i
	—
	—
	—
	2-3
	109
	__
	___
	__
	___

Raphia wax (Raphia Ruffia)
	15
	0-950
	80-82
	—
	—
	—
	
	—
	__
	__ .
	__        1        __
	
Rhimba wax    ......                      —
		
	60
	—
	—
	• — •
	—
	—
	—                  —
		—        j        —
	
1 The numbers in brackets indicate the more common limits and mean values.

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